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Saturday, July 23, 2011

Sri Vaishnava Yajur Upakarma 13-08-2011

Sri Vaishnava Yajur Upakarma
&
Gayathri Japam - 2011
13-08-2011 - Saturday Upakarma -
14-08-2011 - Sunday - Gayathri Japam
For Video & Completer procedure in Tamil

Procedures Prepared and compiled by :
Shri Sri Vaishnava Kendram
Deevalur N.V.Srinivasachariyar M.A,M.Phil.
Founder & Organizer of : www.ahobilam.com


Preparations & Things required
Wherever you be in the world, use the early morning time (Brahma Muhurtham) to wakeup on all days. Especially on this upakarma day woke early in the morning and
Take a simple bath.
Do sandhya vandhanam.
If you have the pavithram which is made up of two dharbhams and fresh poonals, keep them ready to use. There are four main steps to complete upakarma.
Things required :
1. A pot of water
2. Thiruman petti
3. Plates
4. Sombu, tumbler
5. Akshathai (rice)
6. Seesam seeds (Yell)
7. Upakarma Manthram
8. Poonal, Pavithram etc.
9. Manai palagai.
1. Nithya karma 2. Kamokarsheeth Japam 3. Kandarushi Tharpanam and 4. Vedharambam

1. Nithya Karma :- Nithya karma is nothing but doing the daily routines like, taking bath, sandhya vandhanam. for grahasthas. Dhanda dharanam, Mounji, Mekala, Ajina dharanam and samidhadhanam are additional for brahmachary.
2. Kamokaarsheeth Japam:- Kaamokaarsheeth or Gayathri Japam should be done after the Surya udhayam as per sastram. This step is not required for freshers who is going to do the upakarma first time. All others should do it as a ‘prayachiththam’ for not doing the ‘Uthsarchana Karma’ in the month of ‘thai’. Upakarma is the starting step of adhyayanam and the Uthsarchanam is the ending step. We are skipping the ending step every year and hence we are doing the prayachiththam. We pray God to remove the ‘Kama’, ‘Krotha’ feeling from us, which lead us to do the ‘adharma karmas’. If you have plenty of time do more count of this japam do as much as you can. Do not use dharbha pieces to count. Counting should be done only by using the lines in your fingers. If you have 3 sets of poonal use one before Kamokarshith one at Kandarushi tharpanam and one at Gayathri Japam. If you have only two sets of poonals, skip the first one. After completion of the Kamokarsheeth Japam, if possible, go to a river or pond to take a real snanam . Because using taps or even well water to take bath is not permitted as per sastram. Because the whole body should be drown in the water.
3. Kaandarushi Tharpanam:- This step should be further divided into two : a) Rushi Tharpanam b) Pithru tharpanam (This pithru tharpanam procedures are not given in the prayoga sastrams, these are later additions) Usually the second step is skipped by persons who are having father alive. But really there is no meaning of skipping this. This tharpanam is not meant for our direct pithrus of immediate three generations. Because the vasu, rudhra, aadhithya words are not used here, but usually these terms are used every where to represent the direct pithrus. The manthram used in this tharpanam is saying “pithru ganaas”, “pithru ganapathnees” etc.
Wear a new poonal before doing kaandarushi tharpanam. It will be in the sankalpam.
4. Vedharambam :- This is the final step. Every year we are starting to chant the vedham on this day and forgetting it that day itself. So, again and again every year we are chanting only the four vaakyams.

We should use this day to get asirvadham of our elders. Everyday youngers doing namaskarams to elders twice (or atleast once a day) is a good virtue practice. You should do namaskaram to your elders atleast on this auspicious day.
Do not hesitate to get my help on any matter related to vaideekam and rituals.


Achamanam:
Where ever you found the word achamanam. Do it using this help. Try to bring it in practice as early as possible.
Take a tumbler of water, keep it in the left hand, see the below picture(s) and do as it shows
Drop a little water in the right hand, say manthram, eat it. Do repeat the same action three times for the three manthrams.

1. Oum Achudhaya Namaha
2. Oum Anandhaya Namaha
3. Oum Govindhaya Namaha
Wipe the lips, wash the fingers, do the rest..
Touch places shown and tell the corresponding Bhagavan Naama
Kesavaya Namaha Narayanaya Namaha
Madhavaya Namaha Govindhya Namaha
Vishnave Namha Madhusudhanaya Namaha
Thrivikramaya Namaha Vaamanaya Namaha
Sridharaya Namha Rushikesaya Namaha
Padmanabhaya Namaha
Dhamodaraya Namaha

Note:- This Achamanam should be done twice at the starting of any vaideeka karma.

PRAANAAYAAMAM
Sit towards east, take two short dharbhams, put them under your legs. (Fig. 1) . Wear the pavithram in the ring finger (fig-2). Shut the right nose using right thumb (fig-3). Fold index and middle fingers towards inside and shut the left nose with ring finger and little finger as shown in fig.4.

Fig-1 Fig-2

Fig-3 Fig-4
Tightly close the mouth also and start telling the below manthram inwardly (manadhirkul).
Oum bhoohu; Oum bhuvaha; O(g)um suvaha; Oum mahaha; Oum janaha; Oum thapaha; O(g)um sathyam; Oum thathsavidhurvaraenyam bhargo devasya dheemahi dhiyoyonah prachodhayaadh; Oum aapaha; jyothirasaha; amrudham brahma; bhoorbhuvasuvaroum.
Actully the above manthram should be repeated thrice for one praanaayaamam. But usual is one time in practice

MANTHRAM BEGINS FOR VADA KALAI

Oum asmath gurubhyo namaha.
Sreemaan venkata natharyaha Kavithrkika kesari
Vedanthacharya varyome; Sannidhattham sadhahrudhi.
Gurubhyaha - thath gurubhyascha namovakam atheemahe
Vruneemahecha thathraadhyau dhampathi jagadhampathi
Swasesha bhuuthena maya sveeyai:(hi) sarva parichathai:(hi)
Vidhathum preetam aatmaanam deva:(ha) prakramadhe swayam.
Thenkali Begin & Vadakalai continue
Suklambharadharam vishnum sasivarnam chathur bhujam
Prasanna vadhanam dhyayedh sarva vigna upasaanthaye.
Yasyadhvradha vakrathyaha paarishathyaaha parassadham
Vignam nignandhi sadhadham vishvaksenam tham aashraye.

Hari:(hi) Oum Thath(u).
Sri Govindha Govindhagovindha
Asya sri bhagavadha:(ha) Maha purushasya Sri Vishno:(ho) agnaya pravarthamanasya adhya brahmana:(ha) dvidhiya parardhe sri swedhavaraha kalpe vaivasvadha manvanthare kaliyuge prathame pathe *Jambhudweepe Bharadha varshe bharadhakhande Sakaapthe meroho dhakshine paarswe asmin varthamane vyavaharike Prabhavaadhi shasti samvathsaraanaam madhye .....

Sankalpam for 13-08-2010:
Kara Naama samvathsare - dhakshinayane - Greeshma ruthow - Kadaka mase - sukla pakshe - Powrnamasayam subha thithau - vaasaraha - Sthira vasara yukthayam - Shravana nakshathra yukthayam - sri vishnu yoga - sri vishnu karana - subha yoga - subha karana - yeavanguna - viseshena - visishtayam - asyam - Powrnamasyam - subha thithow ....
Yagnopaveetha dharana sankalpam :
V K : Sri bhagavadhagnaya Sriman Narayana preethyartham
T K : Sri bhagavadhagnaya bhagavath kainkarya roopam
(Use this convention in all the places Sri Bhavathaajgnaya...)

Both kalai continue : *Chrowdha smartha vidhi vihitha nithya karma anushtana yogyadha sidhyartham brahma thejaha abhiviruthiyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye!
(This is called sankalpam, after this leave the short dharbhams on your left side i.e in north)


Touch your fore head and tell :- ‘Yangnopaveetha dhaarana manthrasya brahma rushi:(hi)’




Touch your nose tip and tell :-
‘Anushtup chandha:(ha)’


Touch your chest and tell :-
‘Thrayee vidhya devadha’

Turn both the hands towards in and tell :- ‘Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga:(ha)’
Hold the ‘poonal’ as shown in the picture and tell:- ‘Yagnopaveetham - paramam - pavithram - prajapathe:(he) - yathsahajam - purasthath - aayushyam - agryam - prathimunjasubram - yagnopaveetham - bhalamasthu - theja:(ha).

ya&aaopavaItaM - parmaM - paiva~aM - pa`jaapatao: - yatsahjaM - paurstaata\ - AayauYyaM - AGya_ - pa`itamauÉca sauba`M - ya&aaopavaItaM - balamastau taoja: |
Now brahmacharies can wait for a while when grahasthas are wearing the second poonal.
Grahasthas remove and put the pavithram in the right ear and do one achamanam, then wear pavitram and do one praanayamam.

Sri bhagavadhagnaya ..... m grahastha asramartham dvitheeya yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye!

Note:- Everything same as previous poonal
Touch your fore head and tell :-
‘Yangnopaveetha dhaarana manthrasya brahma rushi:(hi)’ Touch your nose tip and tell :- ‘Anushtup chandha:(ha)’ Touch your chest and tell :- ‘Thrayee vidhya devadha’
Turn both the hands towards in and tell :- ‘Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga:(ha)’
Hold the ‘poonal’ as shown in the picture and tell:- ‘Yagnopaveetham - paramam - pavithram - prajapathe:(he) - yathsahajam - purasthath - aayushyam - agryam - prathimunjasubram - yagnopaveetham - bhalamasthu - theja:(ha).
Now brahmacharies & grahasthas remove the old poonal by saying :
“Upaveetham - bhinnadhanthum - jeernam - kasmaladhooshitham - visrujami - jalebrahmannu - varcha:(ha) - dheerghayu:(hu) - ashthume!”
{pavaItaM ibaÑatantauM jaINa_M kxsmaladUiYataM ivasaRjaaima jalao ba`Hmana\ vaca_: dIGaa_yaU: Astau mao ||
Now put the pavithram in the right ear and do one achamanam.

Kamokaarsheeth Japam
Now go through the sankalpam for Kamokaarsheeth japam:-
Wear the pavithram (if it is still in the ear)
Sri bhagavadhagnaya sriman narayana preethyartham or bhagavath kainkaryam “thaishyam - powrnamasyam - adhyaya - uthsarjana - akarana - prayachiththartham - Ashtothra Sahasra (for 1008 times) or Ashtothra satha (for 108 times) - sankhyaya - ‘Kamokaarsheeth - manyura kaarsheeth’ - ithi - manthra - japam - karishye!
Do pray / tell this manthram “Kamokaarsheeth Manyurakaarsheeth” “kxxamaaokxaYaI_ta\ manyaur kxaYaIta\” repeatedly for 1008 times or 108 times as per your sankalpam.

At the end of the japam, stand up and say : “Kamokaarsheeth Manyurakaarsheeth Namo nama:(ha)” “kxxamaaokxaYaI_ta\ manyaur kxaYaIta\ namaao nama:” and do namaskaram (thenkalai one time and vadakalai twice or four times). Do abhivadhi. Put pavitram in the ear and do achamanam once.

If you are going to a common place for ‘Kaandarushi tharpanam’ do not forget to take poonal, ell, akshathai etc. with you. If you have two more pavithram (one for ‘kandarushi tharpanam’ and other for ‘Gayathri’) you can now remove the pavithram and untie the knot and throw it otherwise keep it safe.
Do achamanam twice using the previous instructions.

Kaandarushi Tharpanam
‘Kaandarushi tharpanam” is the main part of upakarma. Actually this should be done after taking a bath in a pool (kulam) or lake or river with the below sankalapam. Some people will do ‘snana maha sankalpam’ also. This function had been done collectively in a common place in olden days. This should be done after 12 noon taking bath and madhyaniham with dry cloths. The second snanam after sankalpam also instructed as per “Kandapooshanam”. Also the sankalpam for kaandaruushi tharpanam in that book is very very simple. i.e:- “Sravanyam Powrnamasyam Adhyaya Upakarma Karishye”. But some vadhyars are giving a long sankalpam as here under.
If possible go to the starting page again do from achamanam, wear pavithram, do pranayamam, start vadakalai, join thenkalai, middle sankalpam and that day sankalpam as did in the morning. But the main sankalpam for ‘Kaandarushi tharpanam’ begins here:

“Sri bhagavadhagnaya - sriman narayana preethyartham - or bhagavath kainkaryam - Sri ranga kshethre - Sriranga nayika samedha Sriranganatha swami sannidhow - Sri Alarmel manga nayika sametha Sri Srinivasa swami sannidhow - Sri Perundevi nayika samedha Sri Devadhiraja swami sannidhow - Shravanyam - powrnamasyam - adhyaya - upakarma - karishye. Thathangam - Kaveri snanamaham - karishye. Thathangam - Yagnopaveetha - dharanam - karishye. Thathangam Kaandarushi tharpanam karishye.”
Brahmacharies may say ‘Thathangam - mounji - ajina - dhanda - dharananicha - karishye.”
Brahmacharies wear Mounji, Ajinam, Dhandam with manthram:
Mounji dharana manthram:
[yaM durV]Wtaata\ pairVbaaQaVmaanaa SamVa_ varV}qaM pauánaátaInaV: Aagaaàta\| pa`áaNaáapaáanaaByaaMà balaMà AáaBarVntaI ipa`áyaa doávaanaaMà sauáBagaaà maoáKaálaa [áyama\|
PátasyaV gaáaop~aI tapaVsa: paáráspaI GnaátaI rXaV: sahmaanaa AraVtaI:| saanaV: saámaántaM AnauV parIVih Bad`yaaà Baátaa_rVstao maáoKaálaoá maairVYaama ||
Ajina dharana manthram:
imaá~asyaV caXaVu: QarV]NaM balaIVya: taojaV: yaáSaáisva sqaivaVrM saimaVÔM| AánaáahánásyaM vasaVnaM jaáiráYNau parIádM vaáaija AáijanaMà dáQaoáhmaá\|
Dhanda dharana manthram:
sauáEa`vaV: saáuEa`vaVsaM maáakuáxrá] yaqaáa tvaM saáuEa`vaV: sauEa`vaaà: Aisa eávamaáhM saáuEa`vaV: saáuEa`vaaà: BaUyaáasaáM yaqaáatvaM saáuEa`vaV: dáovaanaaàM inaáiQaágaáaopa: Aáisaá eávamaáhM baá`aÝáNaanaaàM ba`ÝVNa: inaáiQaágaaáopa: BaUyaaásaáma\|
If you have short dharbhams as ‘idukkuppil’ in your right hand leave it to your left side.
To do tharpanam choose a right place to pour plenty of water. Make ready with ‘Akshathai’, ‘Ell’ and plenty of water. Do tharpanam as described here. Please understand the postures or mudhra for the corresponding tharpanam.
There are only four postures to do tharpanams :
1. Deva Deertham --let the water to flow & drop through the finger tips
2. Pithru Deertham --let the water to go by tuching right thumb.
3. Braham Deertham --shift up both the hands to allow the water to drain down towards the wrist and then elbow.
4. Rushi Deertham -- let the water to flow under the little fingers of both the hands by making a small hole in the middle.
Note:- Each tharpanam should be done thrice.
Rushi Tharpanam
(Bring the Poonal to ‘niveethi’ position as a garland & take akshathai)
1. Prajapathim Kandarushim tharpayami
2. Somam Kandarushim tharpayami
3. Agnim Kandarushim tharpayami
4. Viswandevan Kandarusheen tharpayami
5. Sahumhideepya:(ha) Devadha:(ha) Upanishadha:(ha) tharpayami
6. Yangigheepya:(ha) Devadha:(ha) Upanishadha:(ha) tharpayami
7. Vaaruneepya:(ha) Devadha:(ha) Upanishadha:(ha) tharpayami

Brahma Tharpanam
8. Brahmanam swayambhuvam tharpayami

Deva Tharpanam
9. Sadhasaspathim tharpayami

(The remaining are not given in the prayoga sastram)
10. Rig vedham tharpayami
11. Yajur vedham tharpayami
12. Sama vedham tharpayami
13. Atharva vedham tharpayami
14. Idhikasam tharpayami
15. Puranam tharpayami
16. Kalpam tharpayami

Here after tharpanam for persons who are not having father
(father not alive).
Pithru Tharpanam
(Bring the Poonal to ‘Pracheena veethi’ - opposite to usual and use ‘Ell’ with akshathai)
Note:- Each tharpanam should be done thrice.
17. Soma pithruman - yama:(ha) - angeeraswan - agni:(hi) - Kavyavahanadhya:(ha) - Yepithara:(ha) thaan pithrun tharpayami.
18. Sarvan pithrun - tharpayami
19. Sarva pithru gana:(ha) tharpayami
20. Sarvan pithru pathni:(hi)- tharpayami
21. Sarva pithru gana pathni:(hi) tharpayami
22. Oorjam vahanthee:(hi) - Amrutham - grutham paya:(ha) - keelalam - parisrutham - swathastha - tharpayathame - rushi - pithruun. Thrupyatha - thrupyatha - thrupyatha.
Kaandarushi tharpanam over! Next Vedha Aarambham. If you are doing it in your house, keep the pavithram in your right ear and do achamanam. If you are doing it in the bank of a river or a lake untie the pavithram and do achamanam twice.

VEDHA - AARAMBHAM

Sit in a clean place towards east. Chant the below manthrams.
“Hri: oum - Agnimeele purohitham - yagnasya - dhevamruvijammm- hothaaaram - rathnadhathamam - hari: oum”
“Hari: Oum - Yishethvaaa - oorjethvaaa- vayavastha - upayavastha - dhevovaha - prarpayathu - sreshtathamaya - karmane - hari: oum”
“Hari: Oum - Agnaaayhi - veedhayeaaa- grunana:(ha) - havyadhathayeaa - nihotha - sathsi bharhishi - hari: oum”
“Hari: Oum - Sannodhevi: - abhishtayeaa - aapobhavanthu - peethayeaaa - saymyo:(ho) - abhisravanthuna: (ha) - hari: oum”
If anybody still wearing the pavithram, remove and untie it and throw it. All should do achamanam twice.
Vadakalai only should say :- “Bhagavaneva swasesha bhoothamidham upakarmakyam karma swasmai swapreethaye bhagavan swayameva kaarithavaan”
All should tell : - “Kaayena vaacha - manase - indhriyarvaa - bhudhya - athmanaava - prahrudhe:(he) - swabhavaadh - karomi - yathyadh - sakalam - parasmai - sriman naarayanayethi - samarpayami”
“Sarvam Sri Krishnarpanam asthu. Achydha preeyatham”.
* * * * * * * * *
Ending procedures :- Wherever you be in the world, there will be some elders with you or in the next appartment or in next house. Call them and do sashtanga namsakaram to get their asirvadham. If you did the upakarma in a common place and returnin to house, ask the ladies to take harathi. First you go to the perumal (pooja) room and do namaskaram to permal and the do namaskaram to periyavals (elders). If possible call relatives and friends to your house and take food with them. Enjoy this day. Do not forget to do Gayathri Japam mostly next day to Upakarma.
Note:- I have not used much colors, to avoid print out problems. If you feel it is worth to send an apriciation or thanks you can send it to vaideekam@gmail.com for which I am sitting here with much expectations.
Best regards, Asirvadhams,
Website Organizer and founder www.ahobilam.com
Deevalur N.V.Srinivasachariyar M.A, M.Phil.



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